Distance and Temperature Continued: Latitude and Longitude

When discussing distance, or temperature, you forget that there is a very good reason for the particulars of the differences in scale and size of the parts of the world that I compare; the position of them.  The world is a complex place, and in looking at these differences an interesting tidbit of information came to my head.  When I was in Canada at Christmas doing great things I stumbled, to my surprise, upon a strange fact - Connie's home town of Parry Sound, ON is actually further South than my home of Glasgow, Scotland.  By quite some distance.  In fact, you can measure the distance technically, by using the lines of Latitude, as created by in essence by Ptolemy and envisioned by Mercator.
The two lines across the Atlantic.

Parry Sound is at 45° 20′ 0″ N and Glasgow is at 55° 51′ 44.86″ N or around 10° Latitude different.  In real terms (or distance as we know it) it's around 701 miles (with a fair amount of margin for error).


This distance doesn't fully explain the discrepancy in the temperatures because Parry Sound is further South or in better terms, closer to the equator, which means in theory, it should be warmer.  See the differences between Texas, and Alberta, or Glasgow and London for that matter.  The answer lies more in the actual position - the Gulf Stream and the North Atlantic Drift does something marvelous.

Weather like this in Blackpool, for example.
 

It pushes the warm water from the Gulf of Mexico up towards my puny little island and gives us an incredibly temperate climate when compared to somewhere on our line of Latitude - say, for example, Wabowden, Manitoba, 54° 54′ 32″ N, which reaches a average low of -26'C in December! 


I thought it best to follow up both of those previous posts with this addendum.